The Finochietto Rib Spreader is a surgical instrument used to separate and hold open the rib cage during thoracic surgery. It is named after its inventor, Dr. Enrique Finochietto. This instrument consists of a series of blades or prongs that are inserted between the ribs and gradually expanded to create a wide opening, allowing access to the organs within the thoracic cavity.
This instrument is commonly used in thoracic surgeries such as open-heart procedures, lung surgeries, and certain chest wall reconstructions. It provides a clear surgical field, allowing the surgeon to access and operate on the organs or structures within the thoracic cavity, such as the heart, lungs, or major blood vessels.
The Finochietto Rib Spreader features a double-prong design with a ratchet mechanism that allows the surgeon to control the degree of rib separation. The prongs are gently inserted between the desired ribs and then gradually expanded to achieve the desired thoracic exposure. Once the ribs are adequately spread, the rib spreader is locked in place to maintain the opening throughout the surgical procedure.