The Bailey Rib Approximator is a surgical instrument used to repair rib fractures during thoracic surgery. It is named after its inventor, Dr. David Bailey, who is a thoracic surgeon. The instrument consists of two arms that can be adjusted to fit the width of the rib being repaired. Each arm has a serrated edge that grips the rib and holds it in place. The arms are then brought together using a ratcheting mechanism, which applies pressure to the rib and helps to close the fracture.
The Bailey Rib Approximator is designed to be used in conjunction with other surgical instruments and techniques for repairing rib fractures, such as plates, screws, wires, or sutures. By providing stable fixation of the rib, the instrument can help to facilitate healing and reduce pain and discomfort for the patient.